Call Recording: A State-by-State Legal Guide

It’s essential to stay updated with current laws and requirements involving call recording in your state or any other, as it can vary by region. Knowing all this is especially critical if you are a business owner or work in any industry that collects customer data via phone calls. 

That’s why we put together this comprehensive guide on call recording laws by state – so that you have all the information you need to ensure your business complies with any regulations regarding call recording.


The Importance Of Understanding Call Recording Laws

With call recording laws becoming more common, it’s crucial to understand their importance and what they can do. These laws aim to protect people’s rights regarding call recordings. 

For instance, call recording laws determine who can and cannot record calls, what types of calls are allowed to register, and whether the recordings can stand in legal proceedings. 

A call recording law also ensures that callers know when their calls are being recorded, ensuring that private information cannot be gathered without their consent. Through call recording laws, we can build a transparent ecosystem for call recordings that promote trust and security for everyone involved.


The Legal Landscape Of Call Recording In The US

In many parts of the US, recording conversations without the consent of all parties is generally prohibited by law. However, there is variation between states when it comes to regulations regarding call recordings – and in some cases, audio recordings may take place with only one-party consent. 

Over half of US states follow this “one-party consent” rule, meaning that a conversation may be recorded as long as at least one participant has given their prior approval. Other states require two-party notification and/or consent for legal audio recordings at all times. Therefore, you must know the applicable regulations in your particular jurisdiction before making any recordings.


Call Recording Laws by State

Understanding call recording laws by state can be daunting. It’s essential to know when and where it is legal to record conversations, calls, or audio recordings both in business contexts and one-to-one encounters. We’ll be taking a deep dive into all 50 states’ to ensure that you stay informed.


States that require one-party consent

Keep reading to learn about which states require only one person to permit audio recordings.

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

States that require two-party consent

Want to know which states give the green light for two-person audio recordings? Read on and find out.

  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Illinois
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Vermont
  • Washington

Federal Laws and Regulations

The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) is a fundamental federal law that regulates the introduction of technology for call recording services. ECPA has been in place since 1986 and requires that all electronic communication have protection against unauthorized interception. To ensure compliance with this regulation, companies must obtain consent from both parties before recording any calls. 

Furthermore, companies must also provide users with an option to opt out of call recordings. Additionally, ECPA stipulates that intercepted communications should be made available to the government only upon receiving an appropriate court order or authorization from a designated agency. 

Beyond just requiring consent from both parties before call recording can take place, ECPA also restricts how long call recordings can be kept and stored by companies after the conversation has ended. Under ECPA, any audio recordings of conversations must be destroyed within 18 months of the recording taking place unless there is a valid reason to keep them longer, such as legal proceedings or an investigation into a possible crime or fraud. 

Moreover, companies must take appropriate measures to ensure that any audio recordings remain secure and confidential while they are being stored. Therefore, it means that they can only be shared with third parties with proper consent from both parties involved in the conversation and approval from governmental authorities if necessary.


Best Practices for Compliance

Technology has become an invaluable tool for meeting the increasingly stringent requirements of call recording compliance laws. Modern solutions can be customized to meet the specific needs of each business, providing efficient and cost-effective compliance solutions while maintaining data privacy and security standards. 

For example, advanced call recording software can automatically detect and store recordings in line with legal regulations, allowing companies to avoid fines and other penalties for non-compliance. Additionally, these tools can archive recordings for easy retrieval and audit tracking purposes, helping organizations save time and resources in the event of a government investigation or lawsuit.

Furthermore, cloud-based solutions provide real-time alerting mechanisms that can identify potential compliance violations as they occur, allowing businesses to take preventive steps to avoid costly litigation or other sanctions. Call recording compliance laws will inevitably evolve as technology advances, and new developments arise; however, companies can stay ahead of the curve and ensure that their operations comply with applicable laws by using the right software solution.



Call recording compliance is a critical element of any business’ operations. With the right strategies, organizations can protect themselves from potential financial penalties and legal action while reassuring customers that their conversations are being handled securely and privately. 

Furthermore, companies can quickly obtain the necessary compliance requirements while maintaining data privacy and security standards by leveraging advanced technology solutions such as cloud-based call recording software. These steps will ultimately help businesses build trust with their customers while staying compliant with applicable laws. 

It is always advisable to seek legal advice if you have any questions or concerns about the laws and regulations governing your particular situation. Doing so can provide valuable insight into your rights, the risks associated with specific actions, and potential solutions. Additionally, discussing your needs with a qualified legal professional can help ensure that any contract, agreement, or document meets all applicable requirements and puts your interests first.


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